When you have infections in the tissues surrounding your teeth and gums, the condition is called gum disease. This infection is the foremost cause of tooth loss amongst grown-ups in the United States. Gum disease is often not painful, and if you are affected by this condition, you may not realize the same.
Gum disease is also called periodontal disease and results from plaque buildup on your teeth, forming continuously. You may notice some early warning signs of gum disease, including bleeding gums, receding gums, persistent foul taste or lousy breath, your permanent natural teeth separating or loosening, variations in how your teeth fit together when biting, and other problems.
The risks of gum disease are enhanced by improper oral hygiene, smoking or chewing tobacco, genetics, diabetes, pregnancy, challenges keeping crooked teeth clean, and some medications. Suppose you observe any of the symptoms in your mouth. In that case, you mustn’t delay a visit to the dentist in Anchorage because receiving gum therapy early significantly enhances the chances of a successful outcome.
As mentioned earlier, seeking treatment for gum disease in its earliest stages is the best because it is a reversible condition. Professional cleaning is all that is needed from a qualified dentist besides proper home care to eliminate the problem from your mouth.
If you let gum disease progress to chronic periodontitis, delaying treatment triggers bone and tissue loss to increase the severity of the condition. If your state has progressed to this stage, your tooth begins moving around in the mouth, making tooth loss an eventuality. However, if you get gum therapy early, you can preserve your affected teeth without needing replacement solutions of any kind.
Periodontal disease and systemic diseases are interlinked, and researchers are trying to establish the precise reasons for the linkage. The bacteria from gum disease spreads to the bloodstream to cause many other health concerns like diabetes, stroke, heart disease, and respiratory disorders.
Periodontal disease starts in various stages. They are as follows:
Gingivitis is the mildest variation among different types of periodontal disease. This is the stage when you experience swollen, red, and bleeding gums. You may not experience any specific discomfort, but an experienced dental professional can reverse the condition and advice proper homecare methods.
Chronic periodontitis causes inflamed tissues around the teeth, accompanied by progressive bone loss. Gum recession and pocket formation are common characteristics of this condition. This is a commonly occurring variety of periodontitis in adults, although age should not be considered a limiting factor.
Even clinically healthy patients can develop aggressive periodontitis, and the standard features of this condition are bone destruction, rapid gum recession, and the familiar aggregation. Periodontitis from an early age is associated with systemic diseases like diabetes.
Nonsurgical periodontal treatment to control bacterial growth is initially offered by dentists who try to limit the damages caused by this condition. The treatment options include home care, proper brushing, and flossing, having a nutritious diet, among others. The most common treatments provided in the early stages are scaling and root planing, which allows the dentist to eliminate plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth and below the gum line.
Brushing and flossing are equally important to eliminate plaque from your teeth. Flossing even helps to remove plaque from between the teeth and below the gum line. You can use specialized interdental brushes recommended by your dentist as part of your treatment for gum disease. If you want to make brushing more effective, you can use electric toothbrushes with smaller heads that make brushing efficient to remove plaque than a standard toothbrush.
Merely concentrating on homecare will not help to overcome gum disease. You must visit your dentist every six months for a professional cleaning where any plaque and tartar buildup on your teeth is eliminated to ensure you are not affected by gum disease.
If you have severe gum recession causing pockets between your teeth and gums, your dentist performs gum grafting, which entails lifting your gums to remove tartar. After the removal, your gums are stitched back in place to allow the tissue to fit tightly around your tooth. Gum flap surgery helps to reduce the pocket size where bacteria from gum disease generally accumulate.
Saving teeth from periodontal disease is possible if you detect the signs and symptoms early or regularly visit your dentist for cleanings and exams. Let the condition progress unhindered, and tooth loss should be considered as an eventuality.